Hialeah Gardens, FL -- (ReleaseWire) -- 07/11/2014 -- Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic that kills a wide range of bacteria that infect the joints, prostate, central nervous system, ears and eyes in cats and dogs. It targets Rickettsia, Mycoplasma, Nocardia, and Chlamydia. Horses with abscesses in the abdomen and bacterial inflammation of the lining of organs will be treated with chloramphenicol. It prevents bacteria from making its own proteins. It comes as a pill that is taken orally and liquid eye drops.
Major advantages of this antibiotic is that it reaches high levels in the eye and brain and gets into abscesses and stays in the body longer than most. But cats may become allergic and have problems if they take other drugs broken down by the liver. Younger animals should not be given chloramphenicol because toxic levels can be reached quickly. Several antibiotics and drugs should not be used with chloramphenicol.
The most common side effect is a reduced appetite but vomiting, diarrhea and depression can also occur. Chloramphenicol can cause bone marrow suppression, which usually goes away once the drug is stopped.Vetmedin Bone marrow suppression can occur in humans and in some it may be permanent. Owners should wear gloves when giving this drug, avoid inhaling powder when breaking crushing a pill, wash their hands afterwards and pregnant women and kids should not handle the drug.
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