Boston, MA -- (ReleaseWire) -- 01/08/2014 -- A recovery in agriculture in 2014 should see the economy grow by 6.9%, up from an estimated 6.3% in 2013.
Although we are expecting Zambia's external accounts to remain relatively healthy over the years ahead, we believe that the downside risks are greater than the headline balance of payments numbers suggest due to the fact that a fair proportion of copper export earnings never actually enter the country.
Although we are expecting inflation to rise, we believe that it will do so only gradually as slowing food price growth offsets inflationary pressures from a public sector wage increase and a weak domestic currency. We are therefore forecasting that the Bank of Zambia will hold rates at the current level of 9.75% over the course of 2014.
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Major Forecast Changes
W e have increased our forecast for Zambia's fiscal deficit to 7.9% of GDP in 2014, from a previous expectation of 4.7% on account of a surging public sector wage bill. With copper prices expected to head lower and a Fitch Ratings downgrade suggesting that foreign investors' sentiment towards the country is deteriorating, we believe that the authorities are likely to struggle to finance spending plans and that capital expenditure will remain below the government's target.
Key Risks To Outlook
The most salient risks to Zambia's economy stem from global economic developments which directly impact the price of copper, Zambia's chief export, as well as the appetite for frontier market investment. If struggles in Europe, China, and other major markets are more or less pronounced than we currently anticipate, then our forecasts would be rendered either too optimistic or too negative.
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