Germany has a well-developed social security system. Both companies and employees equally contribute to social security schemes. Employees have to primarily contribute to nine statutory social security organizations: the statutory health insurance fund, the statutory long-term care insurance fund, the statutory short-term sickness fund, the statutory long-term disability fund, the statutory pension insurance fund, statutory accident insurance, statutory maternity and paternity fund, statutory family benefits and the statutory unemployment insurance fund. Employers deduct tax and social security contributions from the gross wages of employees and directly transfer them to the tax office. For all the components of social security there is a common fund. However, employees have the option to individually choose a health insurance provider. The increasing share of elderly people in the population coupled with a relatively low birth rate has forced the government to adopt several reforms to ensure a better social welfare system for future generations.